A Comparative Analysis of Rudyard Kipling and Lord Byron’s Treatment of the Orient: Application of Edward Said’s Theory of Orientalism


  • Dur-e-Shahwar Ali Senior Executive Content Writer at ABtach Ltd
  • Dr. Sahar Afshan Assistant Professor Bahria University
  • Dr. Panira Ali Assistant Professor, Bahria University


Orientalism, Imperialism, Edward Said, Rudyard Kipling, Lord Bryon


This study aims to provide a comparative analysis of Lord Byron’s and Rudyard Kipling’s literary works. The study postulates the unique treatment of the Orient, which is idiosyncratic to the formerly mentioned writers. In their manipulation of the Orient for their own literary and cultural purposes, in their representation of the West as a superior geo-cultural reality over, Byron and Kipling employ images and rhetorical strategies which ensure their participation in an intertextual process of literary Orientalism. The research seeks to investigate their literary works displaying the influence and implications of socio-political relations between the West and the East. This study further analyzes how the hegemonic discourse, or the ideology of a dominant society, has essential, fixed, and divided identities through the construction of binary divisions of Western ideology as civilized and Others as savages. Edward Said’s theory of Orientalism (1978) is used as a lens to compare both writers. The research concludes that Orientalism is a major theme of Byron’s literary works; however, some critical romantic elements of Byron’s poetry overshadow the elements of Orientalism. On the contrary, Kipling’s sense of imperialism overwhelmed his poetic genius throughout his literary career; therefore, he is better known as an Orientalist in a true sense of the word.

Author Biography

Dr. Panira Ali, Assistant Professor, Bahria University




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How to Cite

Ali, D.- e-S., Afshan, S., & Ali, P. (2024). A Comparative Analysis of Rudyard Kipling and Lord Byron’s Treatment of the Orient: Application of Edward Said’s Theory of Orientalism. Pakistan Journal of Applied Social Sciences, 15(1), 1–16. Retrieved from https://socialsciencejournals.pjgs-ws.com/index.php/PJASS/article/view/768