Pakistan Journal of Applied Social Sciences <p><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/administrator/PJASS4.PNG"></a></p> en-US (Editor) (Dr Nasreen Aslam Shah) Mon, 08 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Barriers in Adopting Sustainable Agricultural Practices (SAPs) under Changing Climate in Balochistan, Pakistan <p><em>Climate change is vital issue hindering sustainable agriculture development and adjustments in farming practices. Conventional agriculture practices often lead to environmental degradation, ground water depletion, financial issues and even social conflicts.The population of the Globe is experiencing increased temperatures, low rainfall patterns with scarcity of water availability and drought persistence due to climate change. This article, thus, focuses on the challenges of adoption of sustainable agriculture practices (SAPs) in the water-scarce, drought-prone province of Pakistan. Data was collected from 164 farmers by semi-structured questionnaire following multistage clustering sampling and empirically analyzed through Binary Logistic Regression Model. The results of the study elucidated that farmers’ education, their risk-taking behavior, participation in training, limited availability and high cost of agricultural land, inherited system of irrigation, and access to agricultural credit as the main barriers in adopting SAPs. The study recommends expansion of knowledge, planning, financial assistants from related institutes, proper training by the agriculture department, and policy intervention to cope with these barriers that hold back the adoption of SAPs. The Government needs to develop sustainable adaptive strategies for minimizing the adverse impacts of climate change on agriculture by on-farm demonstrations in the field thereby saving depleting water resources and encourage farmers to adopt sustainable agricultural practices.</em></p> Dr Ghulam Murtaza, Dr Siraj Bashir, Mr. Abdul Khaliq Copyright (c) 2021 Dr Ghulam Murtaza, Dr Siraj Bashir, Mr. Abdul Khaliq Mon, 08 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 A Shifting axis of Power from Atlantic to Pacific and an emerging Islamic-Confucius alliance: Pearls, perils and pitfalls <p>To some political scientists World History is taking a gentle curve from West to East. With successive failures in US led War on Terror axis of world power seems shifting from Atlantic to Pacific. Muslim world has begun to align herself with China because yesterday’s moral equivalents of American forefathers like Abraham Lincoln in American political narrative have turned into America’s arch enemies. With the Huntington’s thesis of ‘Clash of civilization’ more fault lines are being located between Christian West and Islamic Asia. This paper intends to analyze what options lie in store for the Muslim world in emerging world political system. Either Muslim World have to remain in perpetual process of serving the history of others or have to forge her own destiny anew. If not, then it suits her to be a partner with Confucius China or stay aligned with Judaic Christian West. This paper is based on qualitative research. A view based on historical realities, economic imperatives and socio-cultural facts would be brought forward to foresee what lies in store for Muslim world.</p> Dr Ghulam Shabbir, Dr Kalsoom Sumra Copyright (c) 2021 Ghulam Shabbir, Dr Kalsoom Sumra Mon, 08 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Gerontological Social Work: The Islamic Perspective and Practice in Pakistani Society <p><em>Ageing is an emerging issue of Pakistani society. This research study investigates the relationship between the old age problems and declining Islamic values regarding the care of elderly parents in Pakistani society. Qualitative methodology has been adopted for this research study. This research study was conducted after the review of secondary sources in form of Islamic books, Hadith and research articles regarding old age. This study finds that the process of modernization in a society leads toward the decline of religious values. Decline of Islamic values are considered responsible in vanishing old age supporting environment. Islamic directives regarding the rights of parents got weakened due to materialistic attitudes and defective education of young generation. In addition, other socio-cultural changes in the form of family nuclearization and brain drain also played important role in old age problems. Old age problems of elderly women are more severe than elderly men</em>.</p> Mr. Hamid Alam, Dr. Adnan Khan, Dr. Asif Naveed Ranjha Copyright (c) 2020 Hamid Alam Mon, 08 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The Good Woman is the Silent One: A Feminist Critique of Proverbial Stance on Gendered Talk <p>Taking insights from Feminist Critical Discourse Analysis, this study has focused on Punjabi proverbs mentioning the theme of ‘talk’ and ‘silence’ with reference to male or female speakers. Data is collected through purposive quota sampling from the collections of Punjabi proverbs. Women have been designated as loquacious in contemptuous terms as an indication of their ‘empty brains’. Their argument has been assumed to be meaningless as compared to the one offered by some male speakers. The metaphor of ‘hen’ has been used to refer to women talk in derogatory terms. Silence in women has been appreciated as a chief trait of a socially acceptable character. On the other hand, men’s talk has been glorified as an essential trait of Manliness. Men are explicitly advised neither to act upon their wives’ suggestions nor to share their secrets with them. To conclude, it can rightly be said that we have to be aware of the negative effects of such discourses on silencing the feminine voices for their rights and giving vent to their creative talents. A conscious effort should be made by the media and academia to spread more positive and constructive discourses to make women an active and productive part of the social dialogue. </p> Ms Lubna Akhlaq Khan, Dr. Muhammad Ajmal Khan, Aadila Hussain Copyright (c) 2021 Lubna Akhlaq Khan, Dr. Muhammad Ajmal Khan, Aadila Hussain Mon, 08 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 An Analysis On Socio-Economic Problems Of Women Workforce In Industrial Sector <p>Since the 1970s, women’s involvement in factory and industrial activities has been one of the most important characteristics of many developing countries. Paid work is often seen as a means of assimilating women into the development process. The development endeavours of third world countries have adversely affected women and removed women from financial activities. The present study appraises gender discrimination and sexual harassment of working women in the industrial sector. And the inequality of remuneration between male and female employees in various industries in Karachi. For the purpose of data collection survey research method has been used for the analysis of 200 respondents for this study. The paper's outcomes indicate that the impact of paid employment on women factory workers is intricate and contradictory. An evaluation of women’s perception as factory workers demonstrates that they have been exploited in different ways on the manufacturing floor and have suffered new forms of patriarchy outside the family. However, they frequently do not control their remunerations and often tolerate the double incumbrance of generative and productive activities. They enjoy sovereignty and dominance from family male chauvinism to a certain magnitude. Nevertheless, it is necessary to deal with the problems of the women factory worker and create new opportunities for them in society at the governmental and provincial level.</p> Ms Muneera Moula Buksh; Dr Nasreen Aslam Shah; Dr Muhammad Faisal Zia Copyright (c) 2021 Muneera Moula Buksh; Dr Nasreen Aslam Shah; Dr Muhammad Faisal Zia Mon, 08 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Role of Education in National Development <p>The result of this study is the purpose of directed research on education, which is an ongoing process of following verses and hadith. “Read! In the Name of Your Lord, who has created” all that exists, (the Qur’an, sūrat l- ʿalaq96:1). “Those who know cannot be like the ones who do not know. Of course, knowledge and ignorance are like light and darkness which can never be alike”, (the Qur’an, sūrat az-Zumar 39:9). “Goes on from cradle to the grave”, (Hadith). Production of human resources involves improving human capacity and using it to achieve desired goals. Education is one of the most important tools that play its part in the country's human development, capital formation and producing responsible citizens. Hence, since its creation, education has always been the main concern of successive governments in the country. Globalization has created many opportunities and challenges only those nations can take advantage of the opportunities that have developed the knowledge and skills needed. Relevant quality education and training, prevalent in the new environment, foster a successful and educated citizenry and provides opportunities for socially and economically deprived sections of society. Elementary education is the most remunerative investment in developing countries ' educational programs if opportunities for the educated are gainful employment form part of the strategy. Physical and mental well-being is vitally crucial in a holistic and integrated approach to human development. This paper analyzes education as the main tool for human resource development in developed as well as developing countries in the 21st century challenges.</p> Dr Zakira Jahantab Copyright (c) 2021 Dr Zakira Jahantab Mon, 08 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Thematic Review Of Corporate Governance: Historical Perspective For Future Researchers <p>The study explores the breadth of research undertaken about corporate governance through summarizing and synthesizing past studies into prominent themes and sub-themes highlighting key contributions of major researches from 1988 to 2017. The study examined 665 abstracts of review papers on Corporate Governance, classified them into 19 major themes, 174 sub-themes containing 477 research papers. Dominant themes - Firm performance, legislative regulatory requirement and executive governance have bulk research coverage. This study enlightens future researchers about the: possible themes &amp; sub-themes that have research potentials and available studies to facilitate the process. Relatively lower output of research contributions has been observed from the developing countries and governance of organizations including family-controlled business firms. Research on corporate governance of family-owned business groups is a significant feature of the emerging markets of South and East Asian countries. There is a need to recognize and distinguish the problems of family business governance in developing countries. Though, an increasing trend in research studies on the governance of family-controlled business groups but most of the existing literature depict a dearth of rigorous research, indicating research gaps in identifying problems, ownership structures and its related aspects.</p> Ms. Zeba Shariff Khan, Dr Manzoor Anwar Khalidi, Mr. Umair Baig Copyright (c) 2021 Ms. Zeba Shariff Khan, Dr. Manzoor Anwar Khalidi, Umair Baig Mon, 08 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000