Principals and Teachers as a Change Agent


  • Saima Hasan


Teacher Perception, Leadership, Principal, Agent of Change


Research over the last millennium has focused on identifying the traits and characteristics that make for influential leaders and the types of change agents they should be. Second-grade teachers are expected to meet the emotional, social, physical, and biological needs of their students. The secondary school principal sets the tone and promotes their development. The principal must provide data to teachers in order for them to improve their instruction and curriculum assessment. This study aims to assess their attitudes that have been identified as productive concerning the skills and qualities they believe are essential to their success as evolving operatives in their school systems. Those specific problems to be studied include any differences that are important for successful principal leaders in the school's socio-economic context, gender, and the role that the demographic composition of the student population can play. The study looked at secondary school principals in different districts of Karachi. The questionnaire was divided into four sections that focused on the demographics of principals and their schools, abilities and characteristics assessed using the Likert Scale, and significant school changes. The prominent gender, the socio-economic context in schools, and schools with diverse demographic compositions were among the areas that yielded positive results. In conclusion, school size and teachers' level of education had a more significant influence on teacher perceptions of secondary school principals' leadership behavior than any other variable. Surprisingly, secondary school principals' gender, age, qualification, or professional education had little influence on how teachers perceived their leadership. Although the level of education of principals was significant in influencing teacher perceptions of principals' adaptation of recognized leadership skills to meet the needs of children, the size of the school and teachers' qualifications were the most influential in shaping teacher perceptions of middle school principals' leadership behavior. This could be of interest to teachers' communities, department heads looking to hire principals, and universities developing programs for teaching staff.


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How to Cite

Saima Hasan. (2022). Principals and Teachers as a Change Agent. Pakistan Journal of Applied Social Sciences, 13(2), 125–138. Retrieved from