Analysis of Water Conflicts: A Case of South Asian Region


  • Dr. Syed Shahab uddin Department of international Relations FUUAST, Karachi
  • Dr. Muneera Moula Bakhsh Department of Social Work, FUUAST, Karachi


Water conflicts, Water shortage, Pakistan India water dispute, Pakistan Afghanistan water dispute, India Bangladesh water dispute, Indus Water Treaty


Water is very indispensable for all living beings on earth, although it is in enough amounts the global demand for freshwater has been mounting with time. Nowadays climate changes also affect water availability in the world, therefore it is been a source of conflict in different regions.There are several water-related conflicts in countries like India, Pakistan, China, and different geographical regions and African countries. However, none of these conflicts became major conflicts and the states either applied control measures or entered into a quasi-mutual settlement, thus temporarily resolving the difficulty and avoiding conflicting heavy shock. In this article 3 major conflicts in South Asia Region are discussed. Pakistan-India, India-Bangladesh, and Pakistan-Afghanistan water-related conflicts. The given piece of writing is a document analysis based on previously published research, in which a qualitative method of research is applied. Therefore, to benefit mainly from the available water resources in the region, South Asian countries need to be more open and cooperative with each other, taking care of the interests of small countries; they must give up their historical device and move forward in confidence and understanding; they must not engage in narrow-minded and extremely sensitive nationalism, but aim for development, and they should control water resources through region level mechanism.


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How to Cite

uddin, S. S., & Bakhsh, M. M. (2022). Analysis of Water Conflicts: A Case of South Asian Region. Pakistan Journal of Applied Social Sciences, 13(1), 79–94. Retrieved from




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