Concept Of Deterrence And Its Relevance To South Asian Strategic Environment
Keywords:Nuclearization, Cross-Domain Deterrence, Nuclear, Strategic, Hybrid, India and Pakistan
Deterrence is considered to be dynamic and a powerful policy framework that remains sacrosanct. It fundamentally operates in the continuum of perception, in spite of being directly unified to the art of war which deals with reality. In the South Asian context, the overt nuclearization of India and Pakistan followed by intense phases of adversarial relationships witnessed that strategic stability persists and deterrence remained enduring; limiting all crises below a certain limit. However, the flip side remains that deterrence could not prevent crises initiation. In this paper, Pakistan’s deterrence regime in the overall ambit of its strategic culture has been debated. This paper also examines the relevance and applicability of deterrence in the Indo-Pak context focusing on its efficacy and challenges and proffer viable recommendations for ensuing sovereignty through deterrence and flexible strategic posturing options.
Ahmed, S. (2000). Security Dilemmas of Nuclear-Armed Pakistan. Third World Quarterly, 21(5), 781-793. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3993618
Brodie, B. (1978). The Development of Nuclear Strategy. International Security, 2(4), 65-83. doi:10.2307/2538458
Brown, J. (2018). An Alternative War: The Development, Impact, and Legality of Hybrid Warfare Conducted by the Nation State. Journal of Global Faultlines, 5(1-2), 58-82. doi:10.13169/jglobfaul.5.1-2.0058
Dahiya, R., and Behuria, Ashok K. (2012). India's Neighbourhood: Challenges in the Next Two Decades. Pentagon Security International
Ganguly, S. (2008). Nuclear Stability in South Asia. International Security, 33(2), 45-70. http://www.jstor.org/stable/40207131
George, D. (2018). Clausewitz and the Politics of War: A Contemporary Theory. Journal of Strategic Studies Volume 43, 2020 645-685. https://doi.org/10.1080/01402390.2018.1529567
Iqbal S. (2018). Hybrid Warfare and its Impact on Pakistan's Security: Hybrid Warfare and its Impact on Pakistan's Security. Saghir Iqbal.
Jervis, R. (1979). Why Nuclear Superiority Doesn't Matter. Political Science Quarterly, 94(4), 617-633. doi:10.2307/2149629
Kapur, S. P. (2005). India and Pakistan's Unstable Peace: Why Nuclear South Asia Is Not like Cold War Europe. International Security, 30(2), 127-152. http://www.jstor.org/stable/4137597
Khan, F H. (2008). Comparative Strategic Culture: The Case of Pakistan. Pakistan Defence. https://defence.pk/pdf/threads/pakistan-strategic-culture.12084/
Khan, Z. (2016). The Changing Contours of Minimum Deterrence in South Asia. Policy Perspectives, 13(1), 77-96. doi:10.13169/polipers.13.1.0077
Krepon, M., Joshua T., Julia, W., Mason, T S., (2015). Deterrence Instability & Nuclear Weapons in South Asia. Stimson Centre.
Krepon, M. and Thompson, J. (2013) Deterrence Stability and Escalation Control in South Asia. Henry L. Stimson Center.
Kumar P.R. (2020, Aug 3). National Security: Strategic Deterrence in the Indian Context. South Asia Monitor. https://www.southasiamonitor.org/spotlight/ national-security-strategic-deterrence-indian-context-part-ii-two-part-series
Lewis, J. (2019, November 6). Night of Murder: On the Brink of Nuclear War in South Asia. Nuclear Threat Initiative. https://www.nti.org/analysis/ articles/night-murder-brink-nuclear-war-south-asia/
Mueller, K. (2018). Conventional Deterrence Redux: Avoiding Great Power Conflict in the 21st Century. Strategic Studies Quarterly, 12(4), 76-93. https://www.jstor.org/stable/26533616
Nabeel, F. (2018, August 2). National Internal Security Policy 2018-2023-A Critical Assessment. Daily Times. https://dailytimes.com.pk/276539/ national-internal-security-policy-2018-2023-a-critical-assessment/
Noor, S. (2020, March 25). Pulwama/Balakot and The Evolving Role of Third Parties in India-Pakistan Crises. The Stimson Center. https://www.stimson.org/ 2020/pulwama-balakot-and-the-evolving-role-of-third-parties-in-india-pakistan-crises/
Payne, K. (2011). Maintaining Flexible and Resilient Capabilities for Nuclear Deterrence. Strategic Studies Quarterly, 5(2), 13-29. http://www.jstor.org/ stable/26270555
Paul, S. (2019, Dec 17). India’s New Security Order. War on the Rocks. https://warontherocks.com/2019/12/indias-new-security-order/
Rasool, S A. (2019, Mar 18). Doval Doctrine & Covert Operations. https://dailytimes.com.pk/366415/doval-doctrine-covert-operations/
Rana A. (2018). Challenges to Strategic Stability in South Asia: An Analysis. Strategic Studies (Vol. 39, Autumn 2019, No. 3). https://issi.org.pk/21049-2/
Saalman, L. (2020, December 2). India’s No-First-Use Dilemma: Strategic Consistency or Ambiguity towards China and Pakistan. Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. https://www.sipri.org/commentary/ blog/2020/indias-no-first-use-dilemma-strategic-consistency-or-ambiguity-towards-china-and-pakistan
Shah, B. (2019, February 4). A Unique Brand of Warfare? Dawn. https://www.dawn.com/news/1461712
Siddiqi, F. (2012). India-China Relations in the 21 st Century: Impact on Regional and Global Politics. Pakistan Horizon, 65(2), 59-72. http://www.jstor.org/stable/ 24711166
Talbot, B. (2020). Getting Deterrence Right: The Case for Stratified Deterrence. Journal of Strategic Security, 13(1), 26-40. https://www.jstor.org/ stable/26907411
Tarapore, A. (2019, March 11). Balakot, Deterrence, and risk: How this India-Pakistan Crisis Will Shape the Next. War on the Rocks. https://warontherocks.com/2019/03/balakot-deterrence-and-risk/
Tasleem, S. (2016, June 30). Pakistan’s Nuclear Use Doctrine. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. https://carnegieendowment.org/2016/ 06/30/pakistan-s-nuclear-use-doctrine-pub-63913
Tkacik, M. (2010). Pakistan’s Nuclear Weapons Program and Implications for US National Security. SFA Scholar Works. https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/ 72732284.pdf
Waqar, U. (2020, May 28). Nuclear Deterrence in Era of Disruption. The Nation. https://nation.com.pk/28-May-2020/nuclear-deterrance-in-era-of-disruption
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Shabnam Gul, Arslan Bin Shahid, Muhammad Faizan Asgher
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.