Feminine Hygiene Products Disposal and its Implications for Climate Change


  • Aisha Alam Department of Gender Studies, University of Peshawar


Feminine Hygiene Products (FHPs), FHP’s Disposal, Environmental Implications, Working Women's Concerns, Climate Change.


The disposal of feminine hygiene products (FHPs) is a serious global concern, with particular urgency in developing countries, notably Pakistan. Municipal corporations face a serious challenge due to FHPs being part of unsorted domestic waste. Also, it is compounded by the absence of or poor implementation of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) policies. This research aims to investigate the prevailing practices of FHP disposal among women and their awareness of its environmental implication(s) in Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), and Pakistan. Qualitative research methodology was employed; a sample of ten educated working women was purposively selected for in-depth interviews. The conceptual framework of 'period poverty' was applied to analyze the experiential knowledge of women. The study concluded that women had a variety of disposal practices influenced by their religious and socio-cultural circumstances. However, environmental concern was given the least importance due to certain limitations. FHP users, as well as concerned authorities, need to collaborate to prevent land pollution and the resulting emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs) contributing to climate change.


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How to Cite

Alam, A. (2024). Feminine Hygiene Products Disposal and its Implications for Climate Change. Pakistan Journal of Gender Studies, 24(1), 1–17. Retrieved from https://socialsciencejournals.pjgs-ws.com/index.php/PJGS/article/view/756