Impact of Widowhood on the Status of Elderly Women in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan


  • Hamid Alam Department of Social Work, University of Malakand, KP, Pakistan
  • Sameer Ul Khaliq Jan Department of Social Work, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University, Sheringal, KP, Pakistan.
  • Akhtar Muneer Department of Social Work, Kohat University of Science & Technology, KP, Pakistan.


Elderly Widows , Poverty, Property Inheritance , Health Disparities , Non-Involvement in Decision-Making


In Pakistan, the demographic transition that started in the 1990s has caused an increase in the population of elderly people including aged widows. Demographic transitions, as well as socio-cultural changes, have adversely affected the social status of elderly widows in Pakistani society. The objective of this research study is to investigate the impact of widowhood on the social status of elderly women in District Dir Lower, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. This research study collected data from elderly widows in District Dir Lower, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Respondents were identified from a list of elderly widows collected from the office of Pakistan Baitul Mal. Data was collected from the respondents through in-depth interviews. The findings of the research show that the social status of elderly widows has declined in Pakistani society. Elderly widows are faced with poverty as well as health discrimination. There is minimum or no involvement of elderly widows in decision-making. They are usually deprived of their share in property inheritance. Award of share in the property, the introduction of compulsory old age pension, Governmental financial relief, and the creation and participation of elderly widows in income-generating activities may positively impact their status.



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How to Cite

Alam, H., Jan , S. U. K. ., & Muneer, A. . (2024). Impact of Widowhood on the Status of Elderly Women in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Gender Studies, 24(1), 73–85. Retrieved from