A Psychological Study Of Traumatic Effects Of White Beauty On Female Characters In Morrison’s Novels
Keywords:Morrison, Psychic Trauma, Psychoanalysis, Black Women, Discrimination, Freud, Unconscious
The study is based on the psychoanalytical exploration of the female characters in Morrison’s two celebrated novels Jazz and The Bluest Eye. The study focuses on exploring how the myth of white beauty is a traumatic experience for the black women and how do the issues of white beauty and gender discrimination contribute to the wretchedness of black women and cast depreciating effects on their psyche. The conceptual framework employed in the study is Freud’s psychoanalytical theory of repressed unconscious which resultantly cultivates psychological problems in individuals. The theory has been applied on the texts to throw light on the effects of unconsciously suppressed memories and emotions on the psyche of Pecola and Dorcas. This study concludes by highlighting the anxious existence of the black women in the white community.
Alwan, R. M. & Kadir, Z. A. (2021). Women-Nature Association in Their Simultaneous Degradation: An Ecofeminist Study in Toni Morrison’s The Bluest Eye. Review of International Geographical Education Online, vol.11:10, pp.310-319.
Ashe, B. D. (1995). Why don't he Like My Hair?: Constructing African-American Standards of Beauty in Toni Morrison's Song of Solomon and Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes were Watching God. African American Review, vol.29:4, pp.579-592.
Boon, S. D. (2019) Quest for Racial Identity: A Study in Tony Morrison‘s Song of Solomon. Literary Herald, vol.4:6, pp.92-95.
Byerman, K. (2005). Remembering the Past in Contemporary African American Fiction: Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Chasshot, J. (2018). Ghosts of the African Diaspora: Re-Visioning History, Memory & Identity. Hanover: Dartmouth College Press.
Chegeni, N & Chegeni, N. (2013).Marginalization and Oppression of Afro-American Women in Toni Morrison’s Sula. International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences, vol.4:4, pp.915-920.
Craps, S. (2013). Postcolonial Witnessing: Trauma Out of Bounds. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Crystal, D. (2016). A First Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. Boulder, Colo: West.
DeGruy, J. (2005). Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome. Joy DeGruy RSS.
Dillon, A. (2013). Morrison's Sexual Depictions. Human Ethology Bulletin, vol.28:2, pp.13-26.
Erikson, K. (1991). Notes on Trauma and Community. American Imago, vol.48:4, pp.455-472.
Ferdousy, S. (2019). Deconstruction of Female Gender Stereotypes in Tony Morrison’s The Bluest Eye. Green University Review of Social Sciences, vol.5:2, pp.73-85.
Freud, S. (1920). Beyond the Pleasure Principle. London: Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psychoanalysis.
Gomes, R. (2020) Trauma and Possible Pathways to Healing in the Bluest Eye: Pecola’s Story and Claudia’s Narration. Criação & Crítica, Retrieved from http://revistas.usp.br/criacaoecritica
Harding, W. & Jacl, M. (1994). A World of Difference: An Inter-Cultural Study of Toni Morrison's Novels. Wesport: Greenwood Press.
Jeeva, P. (2019). Sethe in Toni Morrison’s Beloved: A Psychoanalytic Study. Language in India, vol.19:3.
Kohzadi, H. Azizmohammadi, F. & Afrougheh, S. (2011). A Study of Black Feminism and Womanism in Tony Morrison’s The Bluest Eye from the Viewpoint of Alice Walker. International Journal of Academic Research, vol.3:2.
Kubitschek, M. D. (1998). Toni Morrison A Critical Companion. Connecticut/London: Westport, Greenwood Press.
Lakra, N. (2021). Quest for Identity in the novels of Beloved and The Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison. Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education (TURCOMAT), vol.12:2, pp.1183-1188.
Mckay, N. (1983). An Interview with Toni Morrison. Contemporary Literature, vol.24:4.
Morrison, T. (1970). The Bluest Eye. Great Britain: Vintage-Random.
Morrison, T. (1992). Jazz, New York: Knopf.
Qasim, K. & Asmat, U. (2012). Morrison's Black Women's Quest for Love: Politics of Heart in Song of Solomon. International Journal of Social Sciences & Education, vol.3:1.
Smith N. (2012). Literary Analysis of “The Bluest Eye” by Toni Morrison: history and slavery. Retrieved from http://www.articlemyriad.com/literary-analysis-bluest-eye-toni-morrison-history-slavery
Sumana, K. (1998). The Novels of Toni Morrison: A Study in Race, Gender, and Class. London: Sangam Books.
Schreiber, E. (2010). Race, Trauma, and Home in the Novels of Toni Morrison. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.
Terr, L. (1990). Too Scared to Cry: Psychic Trauma in Childhood. New York: Harper and Row.
Thiyagarajan, K. (2021). Exploring the Issues and Challenges Faced by Female Characters in Tony Morrison’s select Novels. Research Journal Of English (RJOE), vol.6:3, pp.283-287.
Visser, I. (2016). Decolonizing Trauma Theory: Retrospect and Prospects. In Andermahr, S. Decolonizing Trauma Studies: Trauma and Postcolonialism. Basel: MDPI, 7-23.
Wolf, N. (1990). The Beauty Myth. London: Chatto & Windus.
Zeki, E. D. İ. S. (2019) Identity in Toni Morrison’s Beloved and the Bluest Eye. YüzüncüYıl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, (43), pp.93-103
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Ms Asma Ismail, Dr Zareen Qasim, Asifa Qasim
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.